AMR status in UttarakhandPantnagar Journal of Research, Volume - 20, Issue - 1 ( January-April. 2022)
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Antimicrobial resistances (AMR) of bacteria are the burning issues globally which are closely related to public health and wealth. Since Fleming’s great discovery of Penicillin to till now antibiotics of clinical therapy is a great advance in human and animal medicine. Due to haphazard and unregulated utilization of antibiotics in the field of poultry, dairy farming, agriculture, fish farming and clinical therapies results into development of antibiotic resistome. The overall population and high infection load led to higher total consumption. Hence, India is still the largest consumer of antibiotics for human health. WHO, FAO and OIE have agreed that antibiotic resistance-“One Health problem” that involved humans, animals and the environment. “One Health approach” is needed to meet the challenges of the rapidly increasing supply and demand of our global food system and to attain optimal health for people, animals and our environment. In Uttarakhand, more investigations are needed for searching the alternate source to antibiotics as well as containing the unregulated use of antibiotics in human, animal and agriculture. NAP-AMR has been formulated in our country but only one state i.e., Kerala has adopted it. There is necessary that all states and union territories must adopt and execute National Action Plan on AMR for the wellbeing of mankind.
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