Management of crop with livestock and allied enterprises for sustainable livelihood of small farmers in north Indian plainsPantnagar Journal of Research, Volume - 19, Issue - 2 ( May-August, 2021)
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This paper presents insights into integrated farming systems (IFS) of crops with livestock and allied enterprises, implemented in on-station situation. Research studies have demonstrated the technical feasibility and economic viability of integrated farming systems. Compared with traditional cropping system (rice-wheat), the proposed 1.0 ha IFS model (crops+dairy+horticulture/agroforestry+fisheries+ vermin-compost/biogas+ kitchengarden) brought increased productivity, revenue and better resource recycling. The productivity in rice equivalent grain yield (REGY as t /ha/yr) and net returns from inclusion of allied enterprises in IFS were about 31.34t REGY/ha/yr and Rs 234730, respectively as compared to 9.5 t REGY/ha/yr and Rs 94,800 respectively in case of rice-wheat cropping system. Besides facilitating cash income, integrated farming system generates additional employment of 250 workdays for family labour. It also sustains soil productivity through the recycling of organic nutrient sources (50.8%) from the enterprises involved.
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