Formerly International Journal of Basic and Applied Agricultural Research

Guidelines for Authors

Pantnagar Journal of Research is an open access online journal which is published by G.B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar. It accepts original research papers, technical notes, and reviews (both voluntary and by invitation) on all aspects of agriculture, veterinary and animal sciences, basic sciences, home science and technology in English. Electronic versions of published articles are available from free of cost. The printed version is only for official circulation and hardcopy of journal will not be provided to authors. Neither subscription nor any publication fee is charged for the publication of article in the journal.

All articles should comply with the aims and scope of the journal and need to be submitted on 'Manuscript Central' which will be examined by the Editorial Board. Submitted articles will be sent for critical review to a minimum of two to three reviewers/specialists chosen by the editorial Board who reserve the right to publish or reject articles in accord with the recommendations by the reviewers.

Ethics in publishing

Prospective authors will have to adhere the common Ethics in publishing the articles. The reviewers and Editorial board will also adhere to Ethical guidelines for journal publication. Submission of an article by author(s) implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere including electronically in the same form, in English or in any other language, without the written consent of the copyright-holder. In instances where authors prepare multiple submissions using the same dataset or sue partially overlapping variables in two or more articles, this needs to be declared upfront in the letter to the editor. Masked reference(s) to previous studies based on the same dataset need to be included in the manuscript itself so the reader can understand the novelty of new study in relation to the previous articles. Please consult the APA-manual on piecemeal publications .In cases where the manuscript is part of a larger project (e.g., prospective longitudinal study, an intervention study with numerous arms, etc.) in which other partly overlapping publications already exist, or are planned in parallel to the submitted manuscript, need to be declared in the accompanying letter to the editor. Authors are asked to be upfront declaring such manuscripts. The submitted articles will be subjected to a thorough check to prevent plagiarism. A manuscript may be returned if the degree of overlap is found to be too large.

Studies in humans and animals

If the work involves the use of human subjects, the author should ensure that the work described has been carried out in accordance with The Code of Ethics of the World Medical Association (Declaration of Helsinki) for experiments involving humans. The manuscript should be in line with the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals and aim for the inclusion of representative human populations (sex, age and ethnicity) as per those recommendations. The terms sex and gender should be used correctly.

Authors should include a statement in the manuscript that informed consent was obtained for experimentation with human subjects. The privacy rights of human subjects must always be observed. All animal experiments should comply with the ARRIVE guidelines and should be carried out in accordance with the U.K. Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act, 1986 and associated guidelines, EU Directive 2010/63/EU for animal experiments, or the National Institutes of Health guide for the care and use of Laboratory animals (NIH Publications No. 8023, revised 1978) and the authors should clearly indicate in the manuscript that such guidelines have been followed. The sex of animals must be indicated, and where appropriate, the influence (or association) of sex on the results of the study.

Form and preparation of manuscripts


Authors are requested to submit manuscripts electronically in MS-WORD format. We strongly suggest that authors carefully check the final version of their manuscripts for compliance with the format and style of the journal. In order to simplify journal production and minimize the number of errors, the final draft of the paper should be submitted as an electronic file created by a word processor. Likewise, authors are urged to send figures, photographs, graphs, and tables electronically, using programs that generate interchangeable formats (Corel Draw, Excel).


Authors are requested to follow the instructions given below:

2.1 Typing

Manuscripts must be typed in Times New Roman, 10 cpi, with one and half spacing throughout (including footnotes, references, tables and legends) on A4 size paper with 2.5 cm wide margin on all four sides (left, right, top, bottom). One and a half spacing is equivalent to a maximum of 35 lines per page. All pages must be numbered in right bottom margin. The manuscript must be presented with numbered lines.

2.2 Size of manuscript

Manuscript should not exceed 30 typewritten pages, including figures and tables. Short communications and technical notes are limited to six type written pages including illustrations.

Manuscript should be presented in the following order:
2.2.1 Title Page

Title, name(s) of the author(s), complete postal address/affiliation and e- mail address of the corresponding author only.

2.2.2 Manuscript

The journal follows double blind review policy, therefore, the names or affiliations of authors should not be mentioned in the manuscript any where except on a separate 'Title Page'. The manuscript should consist of only Title of the article, Abstract, Keywords (3 to 6), Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results and/or Discussion, Conclusions, Acknowledgements and References.

2.2.3 Declaration of interest

All authors must disclose any financial and personal relationships with other people or organizations that could inappropriately influence (bias) their work. Examples of potential competing interests include employment, consultancies, stock ownership, honoraria, paid expert testimony, patent applications/registrations, and grants or other funding. Authors must disclose potential interests on a separate 'Declaration of interest' page. If there are no interests to declare then please state this: 'Declarations of interest: none'. This summary statement will be ultimately published if the article is accepted.

2.3 Division of the text

Manuscripts should be divided into sections and subsections by headings and subheadings up to a maximum of three levels. To differentiate them, CAPITAL BOLD LETTERS should be used for the first order titles, bold lower case letters for the second order, and italic bold lower case letters for the third order. Titles of sections and subsections should begin at the left-hand margins, followed by the first paragraph with one blank space. From the second paragraph in each section, the line to start a new paragraph should be indented.

The names of plant and animal species should be given in italics; for example, Zea mays

2.4 Quantities, units, abbreviations, nomenclature

Only SI quantities and units should be used (SI = Le Système International d'Unités). If data with non-SI units are reported, they should be put in parentheses behind the corresponding data with SI units. Symbols and abbreviations used to represent variables, constants, quantities, properties, etc. must be defined in the text at their first occurrence.

2.5 Tables

Every table must be referred to in the text. Tables are to be numbered with Arabic numerals in the sequence in which they appear. They should be typed on separate pages (one page per table) at the end of the manuscript. Every table must begin with a caption that starts with, for example, “Table 3…”.

The size of the tables should be such that they can be reproduced directly after reduction to a width of 85 mm. Tables of larger size (horizontally page) can be printed only in exceptional circumstances. Footnotes for tables should be indicated by lower-case letters in parentheses and typed directly under the table.

2.6 Illustrations
2.6.1 Figures

Every figure must be referred to in the text. Figures will be printed in black and white except under special circumstances which demand the use of color.

The size of figures must not exceed the size of the manuscript page. Figures should be typed on separate pages (one page per figure) at the end of the manuscript. All figures should be numbered with Arabic numerals, and in the sequence in which they are cited in the text.

Every figure must be accompanied by a legend which immediately follows the figure number: “Figure 5…”. Captions of figures should be written on a separate sheet.

Particular care should be taken to make sure that the data shown in figures are explicitly labeled with regard to the units used, and that the accompanying legends provide adequate information about the conditions under which the data were obtained.

Particular care should be taken to make sure that the data shown in figures are explicitly labeled with regard to the units used, and that the accompanying legends provide adequate information about the conditions under which the data were obtained.

2.6.2 Format

Regardless of the application use, when your electronic artwork is finalized, please “save as” or convert the images to one of the following formats (note the minimum resolution requirements). Figures must be saved in separated sheets in the following format: JPG of 300 dpi or TIFF of 300 dpi.

As this journal is printed in black and white, the use of color or gray tones should be avoided in figures. For bar graphics, please use different lines or fillings to differentiate them, and when Always use uniform lettering and font size (Times New Roman 12 cpi, as in the entire text).

2.6.3 Diagrams

Diagrams must be submitted as original drawings of excellent quality.

2.6.4 Halftones (photographs, drawings, paintings with fine shading, etc.)

Halftones should have a minimum resolution of 300 dpi. For combination of artworks (e.g. halftones containing line drawing, extensive lettering, color diagrams, etc) a minimum resolution of 600 dpi should be used. TIFF, JPG, PDF, MS Office files (Word,PowerPoint, Excel) can be used in figures. Images should approximate the desired size of the printed version. Color reproductions are free of charge for online publication. The cost of incorporating color photographs or graphs in the printed version is free of charge.

2.7 Structural diagrams and mathematical equations

Structural diagrams of molecules as well as mathematical equations should be drawn or written at the appropriate places in the manuscript in an extra line. Equations should be denoted by Arabic numerals (in parenthesis) toward the right-hand margin.

2.8 Acknowledgements

Acknowledgements of financial support, advice, and other kinds of assistance should be made at the end of the paper under the heading "Acknowledgements".

2.9 References

Citations in the main text should be given by the surname and year of publication. For example, McDonald (1962), Vera and Luzio (1987), Ellies et al. (1995; 1999) or: (McDonald, 1962; Vera and Luzio, 1987; Ellies et al., 1995; 1999).

References should be listed in alphabetical order at the end of the text. The final reference list should show the name of the author(s) followed by the year of publication, full title of article or book, journal name, volume and page numbers, as indicated below.

2.10.1 Journal articles

Van Ranst, E., Utami, S. R., Vanderdeelen, J., Shamshuddin, J. 2004. Surface reactivity of Andisols on volcanic ash along the Sunda arc crossing Java Island, Indenosia. Geoderma, 123, 193-203.

2.10.2 Unpublished work

Papers that are unpublished but have been accepted must be cited with the journal's name followed by (in press). In all other cases, reference must be made to (unpublished work) or (personal communication).

2.10.3 Books and monographs

Tertian, R., Claisse, F. 1982. Principles of Quantitative X-Ray Fluorescence Analysis. Heyden, London, 385 p.

2.10.4 Chapters from multi-author books

Wold, S., Sjöström, M. 1977. Chemometrics, Theory and Application. In: B. R. Kowalski (ed). ACS Symposium Series Nº 52. American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, pp: 243–282.

2.10.5 Theses

Hassink, J. 1995. Organic matter dynamics and N mineralization in grassland soils. Doctoral thesis, Wageningen University, The Netherlands, 250 p.

2.10.6 Patents

Miller, B.O. 1952. U.S. Patent 2542356, Dow Chemical Company; Chemical Abstracts 51 (1961) 2870.


The corresponding author will receive a proof to correct errors only in typesetting. Any change in the style will not be entertained. Any factual change in the proof cannot be made without the authorization of the editorial office of the journal.

Corrected proof should be returned within 5 days by e-mail. In case of failure to comply with this deadline, the Editor in-Chief will decide whether to publish the article without corrections (declining responsibility for errors, which may remain) or to be considered as new submission.


The corresponding author will be supplied with the final PDF file with a DOI and the volume issue where the paper will appear.


G.B. Pant University of Agriculture & Technology reserves all rights for the complete or partial reproduction of the materials published in Pantnagar Journal of Research. The right to reproduce material is subject to permission obtained from the authors with notification to the editorial office.